‘How many of you think that they’ll finish their degree and get jobs as managers?’
This is the question I asked the fifty undergraduate students taking my class on enabling creativity and managing creative organisations.
Hands go up; about 80% of them.
My heart gives a lurch. Do these kids read anything more serious than gossip magazines?
‘Everyone who put their hand up’ – I say – ‘forget it! It’s not likely to happen.’
My students were in a mild shock.
This is exactly where I wanted them to be; because it is my duty to enable them to learn for the world that awaits them. And the world awaiting my students is very different from the one their parents inhabited.
When they graduate it is much more likely that they’ll join the ever increasing number of freelancers and contractors than that they’ll have ‘proper’ jobs because:
- In 2008-2009 many jobs that had become redundant were lost; these jobs are not really coming back.
- Companies are becoming reluctant to hire employees on permanent contracts and prefer temporary (freelance) contracts to complete specific tasks (even high competence and skill tasks).
- The fast growing jobs are in the caring professions and, regretfully, they chose to study about business and management.
These developments show in the numbers.
Did you know that there are 1.4 million freelancers working across different sectors of the economy? This is approximately 4% of the estimated total labour force in the UK (and growing).
Did you know that in 2013, the number of businesses that hire freelancers on line increased by 46%?
Well, now you do.
Labour markets have changed considerably over the last three decades. These moved from:
- life-time secure employment;
- though regular job changes;
- to predominantly freelancing and contracting .
Each of these changes comes with a change of money rules.
These are the 10 money rules of freelancers.
Rule #1: Get broad education/knowledge
In freelance labour markets people need flexibility and adaptability to survive and thrive. You also need to be able to offer creative solutions to the problems presented by potential employers.
Both creativity and flexibility blossom on profound knowledge of different, sometimes rather distant, areas.
For example, knowing how to write code is a wonderful skill but probably not sufficient one. You’ll be much better placed to get juicy freelance work if you also understand a bit of engineering, some physics and also know how to sell. Sell yourself and your ideas, I mean.
Rule #2: Become the best in a narrow field
You may think that this contradicts Rule #1. In fact, it complements it.
Having broad knowledge and understanding of several broad areas will allow you to become an awesome specialist in a narrower field very fast. Aim to be amongst the top five percent of people who are able to complete a specific task and you’ll never wonder where the next pay-cheque will come from.
You’ll need to re-invent yourself as one of the best in a narrower field often – the demand for skills and competencies is changing very, very fast at the moment.
Rule #3: Become an erudite
Erudite is someone who is exceptionally well read.
Yes, to be able to get the next gig – even to be able to create the next gig – you have to become an erudite. Make sure that you have read all that is worth reading in your field of specialisation and don’t forget to keep abreast with developments in the broader area; general knowledge is also important.
Rule #4: Know your next gig
When you have a job, you have to learn to do the same thing over and over again; eventually you learn to do it well.
By doing this your focus narrows down to the small part of the operation that you do.
As a freelancer you’ll have to change your perspective and keep your eye on the ball. Always looking for the next gig, always working out the next opportunity, always coveting the next hustle.
Remember that as a freelancer you are a hustler and…
…Hustlers never sleep, they nap!
Rule #5: Know your cash-flow and expenses
This is always important. It is important for our personal finances.
As a freelancer, you’ll need to balance your ‘work’ and your personal finances.
Keep work expenses low and cash flow high!
Rule #6: Budget like a pro
Budgeting is always important. Still when you have a job with benefits, various other perks and all, you can probably get away with a fairly random budgeting system.
As a freelancer you need to become a master of budgeting. You need to budget your work finances and your personal finances.
Failure to budget can be lethal for your wellbeing, your future and the wellbeing and future of your family.
(Just to remind you that failure to budget got us into all the debt we had to pay; and we paid it only because only my husband works freelance – I have a very ‘proper’ job.)
Rule #7: Take the long view
As a freelancer (contractor) you need to take the long view and start thinking about the large money items in your life well in advance.
One such money item is buying a house. As things stand at the moment in the UK, with the Mortgage Market Review in force since last April, it is close to impossible for freelancers and contractors to get a mortgage.
In this case, there are two ways to buy a house:
- Save a very large deposit or pay outright; or
- Use the services of specialist that understand the nature of freelancing and can help you identify the mortgage option and provider best suited to your needs.
Either way, you’ll need to plan the purchase of a house well in advance.
Another big ticket item is your retirement savings and investments. Again, planning well in advance can save you a lot of aggravation and uncertainty later in life.
Where retirement savings and investments are concerned this money rule means that you’ll have to start early, have a plan and stick to it through thick and thin.
Rule #8: Have a substantial holding account
When you are a freelancer you can’t live from pay-cheque to pay-cheque. Your income will be very uneven and unpredictable – when you get a bit job you’ll make a lot of money.
Then you may not get any work for some-time.
This is why it is very important to have a substantial holding account; I’d estimate this one at six months expenses.
And note that I’m not saying ‘emergency’ fund because this is not for emergencies; this one is to live on when you don’t have work on.
Rule #9: Build a credit history
Whether or not you have access to cheap borrowing depends on your credit history.
This is true irrespective of whether you are freelancing or not. It is that much more important if you are.
So make sure that you have an impeccable credit history.
Rule #10: Walk the tight tax rope
This is a tricky one and you’ll be the only one to be able to figure it out.
Here is the thing:
- For tax purposes you need to optimise your business spending and minimise your profit
- For borrowing, particularly if you are to be approved for a mortgage, you have to maximise your profit.
How you do this one is very case specific. I still think that nobody has gone very wrong by making a lot of money.
These are the 10 money rules for freelancers I believe can make your life much less stressful and more fun.
If you ask me which three money rules I believe are absolutely essential, I’d say ‘get education’, ‘know your next gig’ and ‘take the long view’.